• Piepenbreier H., Diehl A., and Fritz G. (2019), Minimal exposure of lipid II cycle intermediates triggers cell wall antibiotic resistance. Nat. Comm., accepted
  • Hernández-Tamayo R., Oviedo Bocanegra L.O., Fritz G., Graumann P. (2019), Symmetric activity of DNA polymerases at the Bacillus subtilis replication forks, Nucl. Acids Res., accepted
  • Mauri M., Vecchione S., and Fritz G. (2019), Deconvolution of luminescence cross-talk in high-throughput gene expression profiling. ACS Synth. Biol. (https://doi.org/10.1021/acssynbio.9b00032)
  • Fritz G.*, Walker N., and Gerland U.* (2019), Heterogeneous timing of gene induction as a regulation strategy. J. Mol. Biol. (accepted) *corresponding authors
  • Wu H.*, Liu Q.*, Casas-Pastor D.*, Dürr F.*, Pinto D., Mascher T. and Fritz G. (2019), The role of C-terminal extensions in the control of ECF sigma factor activity in the widely conserved groups ECF41 and ECF42. Mol. Microbiol. (10.1111/mmi.14261)
  • Kemter F., Schallopp N., Sperlea T., Serrania J., Sobetzko P., Fritz G., Waldminghaus T. (2019), Stringent response leads to continued cell division and a temporal re-start of DNA replication after initial shutdown in Vibrio cholerae. Mol. Microbiol. (10.1111/mmi.14241)
  • Keppel M.+, Piepenbreier P.+, Gaetgens C., Fritz G.*Frunzke J.* (2019), Toxic but tasty - Temporal dynamics and network architecture of heme-responsive two-component signalling in Corynebacterium glutamicum. Mol. Microbiol. (10.1111/mmi.14226) (+joint first authors/ *joint corresponding authors)



  • Rösch T.C., Altenburger S., Oviedo L.M.,Pediaditakis M., El Najjar N., Fritz G., and Graumann P. L. (2018), Single molecule tracking reveals spatio-temporal dynamics of bacterial DNA repair centres. Sci. Rep.(accepted)
  • Rösch T.C., Oviedo L.M., Fritz G.*, and Graumann P. L.* (2018), SMTracker: a tool for quantitative analysis, exploration and visualization of single-molecule tracking data reveals highly dynamic binding of B. subtilisglobal repressor AbrB throughout the genome. Sci. Rep. (accepted)
  • Pinto D.*, Vecchione S.*, Wu H., Mauri M., Mascher T., and Fritz G. (2018), Engineering orthogonal synthetic timer circuits based on extracytoplasmic function σ factors. Nucl. Acids Res.
  • El Najjar N., El Andari J., Kaimer C., Fritz G., Rösch T.C., and Graumann P.L. (2018), Study of DNA translocases in Bacillus subtilis by single molecule tracking reveals strikingly different dynamics of SftA, SpoIIIE and FtsA. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 84, e02610-17.



  • Becker A., Erb T. J., Fritz G., Kellmann J.-W., Sourjik V., Waldminghaus, T. (2017), Synthetische Biologie. Biologie in unserer Zeit 47, 298–305.
  • Piepenbreier H, Fritz G*, and Gebhard S* (2017). Transporters as information processors in bacterial signalling pathways. Mol. Microbiol., accepted *corresponding authors
  • Radeck J, Fritz G, and Mascher T (2017). The cell envelope stress response of Bacillus subtilis: from static signaling devices to dynamic regulatory network. Curr. Genet., 63, 79–90.



  • Radeck J, Orchard PS, Kirchner M, Höfler C, Gebhard S, Mascher T, and Fritz G (2016). Anatomy of the bacitracin resistance network in Bacillus subtilisMol. Microbiol. 100, 607-620.
  • Westermayer S, Fritz G, Gutiérrez J, Megerle JA, Weißl M, Schnetz K, Gerland U, Rädler JO (2016). Single-cell characterization of metabolic switching in the sugar phosphotransferase system of Escherichia coli. Mol. Microbiol. 100, 472-485. *Cover article
  • Höfler C, Heckmann J, Fritsch A, Popp P, Gebhard S, Fritz G, Mascher T (2016). Cannibalism stress response in Bacillus subtilis. Microbiology 162, 164-176



  • Fritz G, Dintner S, Treichel N, Radeck J, Gerland U, Mascher T, Gebhard S (2015). A new way of sensing: Need-based activation of antibiotic resistance by a flux-sensing mechanism. mBio 6, e00975-15
  • Huang X*, Pinto D*, Fritz G, Mascher T (2015). Environmental sensing in Actinobacteria: A comprehensive survey on the signaling capacity of this phylum. J. Bacteriol. 197, 2517-2535. *equal contribution



  • Fritz G, Mascher T (2014). A balancing act times two: Sensing and regulating cell envelope homeostasis in Bacillus subtilis. Mol. Microbiol. 94, 1201-1207
  • Gebhard S, Busby JN, Fritz G, Moreland NJ, Cook GM, Lott JS, Baker EN, Money VA (2014). Crystal structure of PhnF, a GntR-family transcriptional regulator of phosphate transport in Mycobacterium smegmatis. J. Bacteriol. 196, 3472-3481
  • Fritz G*, Megerle JA*, Westermeyer S, Brick D, Heermann R, Jung K, Rädler JO, Gerland U (2014). Single cell kinetics of phenotypic switching in the arabinose utilization system of E. coli. PLoS ONE 9, e89532. *equal contribution
  • Domínguez-Escobar J, Wolf D, Fritz G, Höfler C, Wedlich-Söldner R, Mascher T (2014). Protein localization, interactions and cellular dynamics of the phage-shock protein-like Lia response in Bacillus subtilis. Mol. Microbiol. 92, 716–732.



  • Radeck J, Kraft K, Bartels J, Cikovic T, Dürr F, Emenegger J, Kelterborn S, Sauer C, Fritz G, Gebhard S, Mascher T (2013). The Bacillus BioBrick box: Generation and evaluation of essential genetic building blocks for standardized work with Bacillus subtilis. J. Biol. Eng. 7, 29.
  • Hillenbrand P, Fritz G, Gerland U (2013). Biological signal processing with a genetic toggle switch. PLoS ONE 8, e68345.


2012 and before

  • Haneburger I*, Fritz G*, Jurkschat N, Tetsch L, Eichinger A, Skerra A, Gerland U, Jung K (2012). Deactivation of the E. coli pH stress sensor CadC by cadaverine. J. Mol. Biol. 424, 15-27. *equal contribution
  • Fritz K, Fritz G, Windschiegl B, Steinem C, Nickel B (2010). Arrangement of Annexin A2 tetramer and its impact on the structure and diffusivity of supported lipid bilayers. Soft Matter 6, 4084–4094.
  • Fritz G, Koller C, Burdack K, Haneburger I, Tetsch L, Jung K, Gerland U (2009).
 Induction kinetics of a conditional pH stress response system in Escherichia coli. J. Mol. Biol. 393, 272–286.
  • Megerle JA*, Fritz G*, Gerland U, Jung K, Rädler JO (2008).
Timing and dynamics of single cell gene expression in the arabinose utilization system. Biophys. J. 95:2103-2115. *equal contribution
  • Fritz G, Buchler NE, Hwa T, Gerland U (2007). Designing sequential transcription logic: a simple genetic circuit for conditional memory. Syst. Synth. Biol. 1, 89-98.
  • Mueller DAN, Schlichenmaier R, Fritz G, Beck C (2006). The multi-component field topology of sunspot penumbrae - A diagnostic tool for spectropolarimetric measurements. Astron. Astrophys. 460, 925.
  • Schmidt W, Fritz G (2004). On the geometry of sunspot penumbral filaments. Astron. Astrophys. 421, 735.

SYNMIKRO Young Researchers Groups

Almost all scientific members of SYNMIKRO are actively involved in DFG’s Collaborative Research Centers (Sonderforschungsbereiche), Research Training Groups (Graduiertenkollegs), or other Cooperative Research projects. Alongside performing adventurous experiments, and reporting excellent science, SYNMIKRO substantially promotes potential Young Research Group Leaders by constantly keeping its doors open to welcome and support Young Researchers planning to set up an Independent Research Group.
Our Young Research Groups